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Herbal Extracts in Liquid Form

Taxonomic
class
Lamiacea
Source
Active
components are derived from the dried leaves and flowering tops
of Thymus vulgaris, a member of the mint family; the plant is
native to Spain and Italy and widely cultivated worldwide.
Chemical
components
The
composition of thyme essential or volatile oil is varied.
Phenols, principally thymol, constitute 25% to 70% of the oils.
Other components include carvacrol, camphene, sabinene,
beta-pinene, 1,8-cineol, linalol, borneol, geraniol, geranyl
acetate, sesquiterpine, and alcohol.
 
Actions
Thyme
extract contains thymol and other phenols, which have
antiseptic, antitussive, and expectorant properties. Thymol acts
as an expectorant by directly irritating GI mucosa. Therefore,
thymol is usually taken orally or applied topically.
Thyme exerts antifungal action, both topically and systemically.
In vitro studies have also identified inhibitory effects on
protozoa and certain bacteria, while thyme liquid extract have
shown spasmolytic action and antioxidant effects.
Reported uses
Thyme
products have been used widely as food additives, flavoring
agents, and condiments. Therapeutic claims include use as an
anthelmintic, an antiflatulent, an antifungal, an antiseptic, an
antispasmotic, an antitussive, an expectorant, a diaphoretic,
and a digestive aid. It is commonly used as an antitussive in
respiratory tract disorders. Its antiseptic properties are
exploited in toothpastes, mouthwashes, and tooth fillings. Other
anecdotal uses include treatment of dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia,
headache, and hysteria.
Thyme has been tested against actinomycosis in humans. Its
systemic action is greatly diminished in the presence of proein.
   
Points of interest
The
volatile oils of T. vulgaris have proven effective against
certain agricultural insects and have been suggested as an
abundant, inexpensive, safe, and environmentally friendly
alternative to commonly used pesticides in Egypt.

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